AGES & STAGES - 18 TO 24 MONTHS
Lesia Oesterreich, M.S.
Family Life Extension Specialist
Human Development and Family Studies
Iowa State University
Children this age are truly on the go. A greater sense of independence begins to develop as children begin to walk, run, and climb with greater skill. You also may notice that toddlers this age love to imitate everything. Pretending to talk on the phone is a favorite activity.
SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
- likes to imitate parents' actions
- begins to show signs of independence; says "no"
- has difficulty sharing
- very possessive
- finds it difficult to wait and wants things right now!
- gets angry sometimes and has temper tantrums
- acts shy around strangers
- comforts a distressed friend or parent
- refers to self by name
- uses the words "me" and "mine"
- enjoys looking at picture books
- tries to do many things by himself
- enjoys adult attention
- enjoys simple pretend play like wearing hats and talking on phone
- enjoys exploring, gets into everything, and requires constant supervision
- generally unable to remember rules
- often gets physically aggressive when frustrated - slaps, hits
- shows affection by returning a hug or kiss
- may become attached to a toy or blanket
- has a vocabulary of several hundred words, including names of toys
- uses 2-3 word sentences
- echoes single words that are spoken by someone else
- talks to self and "jabbers" expressively
- shows preferences between toys
- likes to choose between two objects
- hums or tries to sing
- listens to short rhymes or fingerplays
- points to eyes, ears, or nose when asked
- uses the words "please" and "thank you" if prompted
- enjoys singing familiar songs
- weight: 20-32 pounds
- height: 30-37 inches
- walks well
- likes to run, but can't always stop and turn well
- drinks from a straw
- feeds self with a spoon
- helps wash hands
- stacks 2-4 blocks
- tosses or rolls a large ball
- opens cabinets, drawers, and boxes
- bends over to pick up toy without falling
- walks up steps with help
- takes steps backward
- enjoys sitting on and moving small-wheeled riding toys
- begins to gain some control of bowels and bladder; complete control may not be achieved until around age 3. (Boys often do not complete toilet learning until age 3-1/2.)
IDEAS FOR CAREGIVERS
- Enjoy dancing with children to music with different rhythms. Provide simple musical instruments such as a rattle or an oatmeal box drum. Now is a good time to teach children simple fingerplays such as "Eensy Weensy Spider."
- Talk with children about everyday things. After 18 months, language development seems to explode. Children will be learning new words at a very rapid rate.
- Read simple books with children every day. Choose books made of cardboard or cloth pages. Stories that have familiar objects are best. Encourage toddlers to turn pages.
- Make your own scrapbook of objects or people your toddlers know by using a small, sturdy photo album.
- Encourage language development by expanding on what a toddler says. When the child says "kitty," you can say, "Yes, the kitty is little and soft."
- Play a simple game of "find." Place 3 familiar toys in front of a toddler and say, "Give me the --." See if he tries to find it and hand it to you.
- Encourage a toddler to play dressup by providing a full-length mirror on the wall and a "pretend box" filled with caps, scarves, and old shoes.
National Network for Child Care - NNCC. Part of CYFERNET, the National Extension Service Children Youth and Family Educational Research Network. Permission is granted to reproduce these materials in whole or in part for educational purposes only(not for profit beyond the cost of reproduction) provided that the author and Network receive acknowledgment and this notice is included:
Reprinted with permission from National Network for Child Care - NNCC. Oesterreich, L. (1995). Ages & stages - 18 to 24 months. In L. Oesterreich, B. Holt, & S. Karas, Iowa family child care handbook [Pm 1541] (pp. 198-199). Ames, IA: Iowa State University Extension.
Any additions or changes to these materials must be preapproved by the author.
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PHONE:: (515) 294-5247
FAX:: (515) 294-2945
FORMAT AVAILABLE:: Print - 296 pages
DOCUMENT REVIEW:: Level 2 -Iowa State University Extension
ENTRY DATE:: February 1995