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Each participant say name. Introduce speaker and guests briefly. (Arrange to have a child or two brought in by parents.)
Distribute handout "EMERGENCIES: PREPARE TO REACT!" Have each participant take a few minutes to complete - then review answers. (Use area as the location; exact telephone numbers are not needed.) Ask if anyone was able to find the poison control telephone number.
Demonstrate feeding, diapering, dressing and holding a baby. Encourage participants to try. Thank Guest Speakers, Children, and Parents.
Remind everyone when their BABYSITTER'S MAGIC BAGS are due. We'll be reviewing and discussing their contents and use, plus preparing and eating nutritious, easy snacks.
Ask participants to bring in pictures of nutritious and safe food for children.
In a serious emergency, the babysitter's first duty is to get the best possible assistance. Send or call for help - then get back to the child with comfort and cheer.
Try this calling quiz. Can you match the emergency to the first two numbers to call? (You will always want to contact the parent, but not always first.)
Make sure you know the address of the house where you're sitting. If, in your hurry, you forget the phone number, it's listed on the telephone. Put important information next to the phone.
Poison Control Number:
Phone Number where you can reach parent:
Give full information; explain what is wrong, who you are, parent's name, and where you are.
Child with half-empty vitamin bottle. You call:
Kitchen curtains in flames. You call:
Flushed, hot, irritable child. You call:
Stranger loitering near house. You call:
Child acts odd; groggy after fall. You call:
In some very serious emergency situations, you may have to provide basic first-aid treatment even before calling for help. If you cannot send someone else for help, deal with the case, then call.
SEVERE BLEEDING: Apply direct pressure over the wound, raise the injured part, and press on the nearest pressure point. Then call________
SERIOUS BURNS: Flood burn with cool water and cover with clean dressing. Then call________
POISONING BY DRUGS, POISONOUS PLANTS, ETC.: Determine what the child may have taken. Then call________. Follow instructions given.
BONES: (if even suspected) DO NOT MOVE child unless in danger. Cover child for warmth. Then call________.
CHOKING: Choking prevention techniques and artificial respiration techniques require special practice, but both are excellent aids in emergencies. Call ________.
1. Provide a variety of things to do.
2. Understand what the child is like at various ages. Review the information distributed during your Babysitter's Program. It will help to read about the age you will be sitting for just before you go to your job.
3. Expect good behavior.
4. Give an older child fair warning before you do something.
5. Temper tantrums are a temporary loss of control. Most children have them occasionally.
1. Do not do for a child what he/she can do for him/herself.
A. Consider the child as an individual.
1. Consider the child's age.
2. Let him know what is expected and see that he does it.
B. Be kind and positive.
1. Affection and thoughtfulness are important.
2. Be quiet spoken and pleasant.
3. Be honest with the child about your feelings. Expect to get angry on occasion, but let the child know what angered you.
4. Accept the child's feelings and respect them.
5. Give the child alternatives and options - avoid commands and scolding.
C. Be quick to size up the situation and do what is necessary.
D. Be firm but fair in making decisions.
1. Do not overindulge the child.
2. Do not let a situation get out of hand.
3. Do not frighten a child.
4. Do not threaten a child with unreasonable punishment.
5. Never spank or slap a child.
6. Be consistent about what a child can or cannot do.
E. If you need extra help in controlling the child, call the child's parents or your own parents for valuable suggestions.
A. Give your time to the child - that's what you are being paid for. Homework, your TV programs, reading, telephone calls, etc. should not be indulged in until after the child is in bed and settled.
B. Find out what the child's interests are.
C. Games and activities should be geared to a child's age level.
1. Indoor or outdoor games and activities suitable to time and weather.
2. If you can, help the child learn a new activity.
3. Ask the child what he would like to do.
D. Do not let the child become overtired as he may become:
1. Hard to manage.
2. Frustrated or unhappy with himself if he can't do something.
E. Television viewing:
1. Check with parent(s) before he/she leaves as to what programs are permitted.
2. Don't allow small children to play with controls.
3. Be firm in turning set off at designated time.
4. Don't watch programs of interest to you when children are still up.
5. Stay away from frightening programs, i.e. monster and ghost movies.
1. Problems may not occur if you let children know 15-30 minutes ahead of time that the bedtime is approaching.
2. It is important to have quiet activities such as quiet games, songs, or stories before bedtime. Excitable games tend to wake the child up more and make it difficult for him to relax.
3. Snacks, if any, should be light; i.e. a cookie or fruit and a small glass of milk.
4. If a child refuses to sleep, allow quiet activity in bed such as reading for a short while.
G. Give parent(s) an accurate summary of things children did while gone. Report any illness. Let parent know about severe behavior problems or unusual occurrences. These suggestions are intended to help you make your babysitting experiences enjoyable and worthwhile for both you and your charges.
SCHOOL AGE CHILD:
FOR ALL AGES:
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